Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
From: Rome, Italy
This marble Sarcophagus was used for the burial of Junius Bassus, who died in 359. It was once descried as "probably the single most famous piece of early Christian relief sculpture." The Sarcophagus was once located in Old St. Peter's Basilica. Junius Bassus himself was an important figure and a senator who was in charge of the government of the capital when he died in 359. Each and every single one of the carvings represents Bible stories, including ones such as Adam and Eve, or the sacrifice of Issac.
Why this Artwork?
This artwork was important to finding out just how important Christianity was during this time. The sarcophagus is one of the oldest surviving high-status sarcophagi with elaborate carvings of Christian themes, and the representation of both old and new testament stories in one artwork. This makes it a very important piece of art.